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dbus-object-tree.c

/* -*- mode: C; c-file-style: "gnu" -*- */
/* dbus-object-tree.c  DBusObjectTree (internals of DBusConnection)
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2003  Red Hat Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Academic Free License version 2.1
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 */
#include "dbus-object-tree.h"
#include "dbus-connection-internal.h"
#include "dbus-internals.h"
#include "dbus-hash.h"
#include "dbus-protocol.h"
#include "dbus-string.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/**
 * @defgroup DBusObjectTree A hierarchy of objects with container-contained relationship
 * @ingroup  DBusInternals
 * @brief DBusObjectTree is used by DBusConnection to track the object tree
 *
 * Types and functions related to DBusObjectTree. These
 * are all library-internal.
 *
 * @{
 */

/** Subnode of the object hierarchy */
00044 typedef struct DBusObjectSubtree DBusObjectSubtree;

static DBusObjectSubtree* _dbus_object_subtree_new   (const char                  *name,
                                                      const DBusObjectPathVTable  *vtable,
                                                      void                        *user_data);
static DBusObjectSubtree* _dbus_object_subtree_ref   (DBusObjectSubtree           *subtree);
static void               _dbus_object_subtree_unref (DBusObjectSubtree           *subtree);

/**
 * Internals of DBusObjectTree
 */
00055 struct DBusObjectTree
{
00057   int                 refcount;   /**< Reference count */
00058   DBusConnection     *connection; /**< Connection this tree belongs to */

00060   DBusObjectSubtree  *root;       /**< Root of the tree ("/" node) */
};

/**
 * Struct representing a single registered subtree handler, or node
 * that's a parent of a registered subtree handler. If
 * message_function != NULL there's actually a handler at this node.
 */
00068 struct DBusObjectSubtree
{
00070   DBusAtomic                         refcount;            /**< Reference count */
00071   DBusObjectSubtree                 *parent;              /**< Parent node */
00072   DBusObjectPathUnregisterFunction   unregister_function; /**< Function to call on unregister */
00073   DBusObjectPathMessageFunction      message_function;    /**< Function to handle messages */
00074   void                              *user_data;           /**< Data for functions */
00075   DBusObjectSubtree                **subtrees;            /**< Child nodes */
00076   int                                n_subtrees;          /**< Number of child nodes */
00077   unsigned int                       subtrees_sorted : 1; /**< Whether children are sorted */
00078   unsigned int                       invoke_as_fallback : 1; /**< Whether to invoke message_function when child nodes don't handle the message */
00079   char                               name[1]; /**< Allocated as large as necessary */
};

/**
 * Creates a new object tree, representing a mapping from paths
 * to handler vtables.
 *
 * @param connection the connection this tree belongs to
 * @returns the new tree or #NULL if no memory
 */
DBusObjectTree*
00090 _dbus_object_tree_new (DBusConnection *connection)
{
  DBusObjectTree *tree;

  /* the connection passed in here isn't fully constructed,
   * so don't do anything more than store a pointer to
   * it
   */

  tree = dbus_new0 (DBusObjectTree, 1);
  if (tree == NULL)
    goto oom;

  tree->refcount = 1;
  tree->connection = connection;
  tree->root = _dbus_object_subtree_new ("/", NULL, NULL);
  if (tree->root == NULL)
    goto oom;
  tree->root->invoke_as_fallback = TRUE;
  
  return tree;

 oom:
  if (tree)
    {
      dbus_free (tree);
    }

  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Increment the reference count
 * @param tree the object tree
 * @returns the object tree
 */
DBusObjectTree *
00127 _dbus_object_tree_ref (DBusObjectTree *tree)
{
  _dbus_assert (tree->refcount > 0);

  tree->refcount += 1;

  return tree;
}

/**
 * Decrement the reference count
 * @param tree the object tree
 */
void
00141 _dbus_object_tree_unref (DBusObjectTree *tree)
{
  _dbus_assert (tree->refcount > 0);

  tree->refcount -= 1;

  if (tree->refcount == 0)
    {
      _dbus_object_tree_free_all_unlocked (tree);

      dbus_free (tree);
    }
}

static int
subtree_cmp (DBusObjectSubtree *subtree_a,
             DBusObjectSubtree *subtree_b)
{
  return strcmp (subtree_a->name, subtree_b->name);
}

static int
subtree_qsort_cmp (const void *a,
                   const void *b)
{
  DBusObjectSubtree **subtree_a_p = (void*) a;
  DBusObjectSubtree **subtree_b_p = (void*) b;

  return subtree_cmp (*subtree_a_p, *subtree_b_p);
}

static void
ensure_sorted (DBusObjectSubtree *subtree)
{
  if (subtree->subtrees && !subtree->subtrees_sorted)
    {
      qsort (subtree->subtrees,
             subtree->n_subtrees,
             sizeof (DBusObjectSubtree*),
             subtree_qsort_cmp);
      subtree->subtrees_sorted = TRUE;
    }
}

/** Set to 1 to get a bunch of debug spew about finding the
 * subtree nodes
 */
00188 #define VERBOSE_FIND 0

static DBusObjectSubtree*
find_subtree_recurse (DBusObjectSubtree  *subtree,
                      const char        **path,
                      dbus_bool_t         create_if_not_found,
                      int                *index_in_parent,
                      dbus_bool_t        *exact_match)
{
  int i;
  dbus_bool_t return_deepest_match;

  return_deepest_match = exact_match != NULL;

  _dbus_assert (!(return_deepest_match && create_if_not_found));

  if (path[0] == NULL)
    {
#if VERBOSE_FIND
      _dbus_verbose ("  path exhausted, returning %s\n",
                     subtree->name);
#endif
      if (exact_match != NULL)
      *exact_match = TRUE;
      return subtree;
    }

#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("  searching children of %s for %s\n",
                 subtree->name, path[0]);
#endif
  
  ensure_sorted (subtree);

  /* FIXME we should do a binary search here instead
   * of O(n)
   */

  i = 0;
  while (i < subtree->n_subtrees)
    {
      int v;

      v = strcmp (path[0], subtree->subtrees[i]->name);

#if VERBOSE_FIND
      _dbus_verbose ("  %s cmp %s = %d\n",
                     path[0], subtree->subtrees[i]->name,
                     v);
#endif
      
      if (v == 0)
        {
          if (index_in_parent)
            {
#if VERBOSE_FIND
              _dbus_verbose ("  storing parent index %d\n", i);
#endif
              *index_in_parent = i;
            }

          if (return_deepest_match)
            {
              DBusObjectSubtree *next;

              next = find_subtree_recurse (subtree->subtrees[i],
                                           &path[1], create_if_not_found, 
                                           index_in_parent, exact_match);
              if (next == NULL &&
                  subtree->invoke_as_fallback)
                {
#if VERBOSE_FIND
                  _dbus_verbose ("  no deeper match found, returning %s\n",
                                 subtree->name);
#endif
              if (exact_match != NULL)
                *exact_match = FALSE;
                  return subtree;
                }
              else
                return next;
            }
          else
            return find_subtree_recurse (subtree->subtrees[i],
                                         &path[1], create_if_not_found, 
                                         index_in_parent, exact_match);
        }
      else if (v < 0)
        {
          goto not_found;
        }

      ++i;
    }

 not_found:
#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("  no match found, current tree %s, create_if_not_found = %d\n",
                 subtree->name, create_if_not_found);
#endif
  
  if (create_if_not_found)
    {
      DBusObjectSubtree* child;
      DBusObjectSubtree **new_subtrees;
      int new_n_subtrees;

#if VERBOSE_FIND
      _dbus_verbose ("  creating subtree %s\n",
                     path[0]);
#endif
      
      child = _dbus_object_subtree_new (path[0],
                                        NULL, NULL);
      if (child == NULL)
        return NULL;

      /* FIXME we should do the "double alloc each time" standard thing */
      new_n_subtrees = subtree->n_subtrees + 1;
      new_subtrees = dbus_realloc (subtree->subtrees,
                                   new_n_subtrees * sizeof (DBusObjectSubtree*));
      if (new_subtrees == NULL)
        {
          child->unregister_function = NULL;
          child->message_function = NULL;
          _dbus_object_subtree_unref (child);
          return NULL;
        }

      new_subtrees[subtree->n_subtrees] = child;
      if (index_in_parent)
        *index_in_parent = subtree->n_subtrees;
      subtree->subtrees_sorted = FALSE;
      subtree->n_subtrees = new_n_subtrees;
      subtree->subtrees = new_subtrees;

      child->parent = subtree;

      return find_subtree_recurse (child,
                                   &path[1], create_if_not_found, 
                                   index_in_parent, exact_match);
    }
  else
    {
      if (exact_match != NULL)
      *exact_match = FALSE;
      return (return_deepest_match && subtree->invoke_as_fallback) ? subtree : NULL;
    }
}

static DBusObjectSubtree*
find_subtree (DBusObjectTree *tree,
              const char    **path,
              int            *index_in_parent)
{
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;

#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("Looking for exact registered subtree\n");
#endif
  
  subtree = find_subtree_recurse (tree->root, path, FALSE, index_in_parent, NULL);

  if (subtree && subtree->message_function == NULL)
    return NULL;
  else
    return subtree;
}

static DBusObjectSubtree*
lookup_subtree (DBusObjectTree *tree,
                const char    **path)
{
#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("Looking for subtree\n");
#endif
  return find_subtree_recurse (tree->root, path, FALSE, NULL, NULL);
}

static DBusObjectSubtree*
find_handler (DBusObjectTree *tree,
              const char    **path,
              dbus_bool_t    *exact_match)
{
#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("Looking for deepest handler\n");
#endif
  _dbus_assert (exact_match != NULL);
  return find_subtree_recurse (tree->root, path, FALSE, NULL, exact_match);
}

static DBusObjectSubtree*
ensure_subtree (DBusObjectTree *tree,
                const char    **path)
{
#if VERBOSE_FIND
  _dbus_verbose ("Ensuring subtree\n");
#endif
  return find_subtree_recurse (tree->root, path, TRUE, NULL, NULL);
}

/**
 * Registers a new subtree in the global object tree.
 *
 * @param tree the global object tree
 * @param fallback #TRUE to handle messages to children of this path
 * @param path NULL-terminated array of path elements giving path to subtree
 * @param vtable the vtable used to traverse this subtree
 * @param user_data user data to pass to methods in the vtable
 * @returns #FALSE if not enough memory
 */
dbus_bool_t
00400 _dbus_object_tree_register (DBusObjectTree              *tree,
                            dbus_bool_t                  fallback,
                            const char                 **path,
                            const DBusObjectPathVTable  *vtable,
                            void                        *user_data)
{
  DBusObjectSubtree  *subtree;

  _dbus_assert (tree != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (vtable->message_function != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (path != NULL);

  subtree = ensure_subtree (tree, path);
  if (subtree == NULL)
    return FALSE;

#ifndef DBUS_DISABLE_CHECKS
  if (subtree->message_function != NULL)
    {
      _dbus_warn ("A handler is already registered for the path starting with path[0] = \"%s\"\n",
                  path[0] ? path[0] : "null");
      return FALSE;
    }
#else
  _dbus_assert (subtree->message_function == NULL);
#endif

  subtree->message_function = vtable->message_function;
  subtree->unregister_function = vtable->unregister_function;
  subtree->user_data = user_data;
  subtree->invoke_as_fallback = fallback != FALSE;
  
  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * Unregisters an object subtree that was registered with the
 * same path.
 *
 * @param tree the global object tree
 * @param path path to the subtree (same as the one passed to _dbus_object_tree_register())
 */
void
00443 _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (DBusObjectTree          *tree,
                                         const char             **path)
{
  int i;
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;
  DBusObjectPathUnregisterFunction unregister_function;
  void *user_data;
  DBusConnection *connection;

  _dbus_assert (path != NULL);

  unregister_function = NULL;
  user_data = NULL;

  subtree = find_subtree (tree, path, &i);

#ifndef DBUS_DISABLE_CHECKS
  if (subtree == NULL)
    {
      _dbus_warn ("Attempted to unregister path (path[0] = %s path[1] = %s) which isn't registered\n",
                  path[0] ? path[0] : "null",
                  path[1] ? path[1] : "null");
      goto unlock;
    }
#else
  _dbus_assert (subtree != NULL);
#endif

  _dbus_assert (subtree->parent == NULL ||
                (i >= 0 && subtree->parent->subtrees[i] == subtree));

  subtree->message_function = NULL;

  unregister_function = subtree->unregister_function;
  user_data = subtree->user_data;

  subtree->unregister_function = NULL;
  subtree->user_data = NULL;

  /* If we have no subtrees of our own, remove from
   * our parent (FIXME could also be more aggressive
   * and remove our parent if it becomes empty)
   */
  if (subtree->parent && subtree->n_subtrees == 0)
    {
      /* assumes a 0-byte memmove is OK */
      memmove (&subtree->parent->subtrees[i],
               &subtree->parent->subtrees[i+1],
               (subtree->parent->n_subtrees - i - 1) *
               sizeof (subtree->parent->subtrees[0]));
      subtree->parent->n_subtrees -= 1;

      subtree->parent = NULL;

      _dbus_object_subtree_unref (subtree);
    }
  subtree = NULL;

unlock:
  connection = tree->connection;

  /* Unlock and call application code */
#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
  if (connection)
#endif
    {
      _dbus_connection_ref_unlocked (connection);
      _dbus_connection_unlock (connection);
    }

  if (unregister_function)
    (* unregister_function) (connection, user_data);

#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
  if (connection)
#endif
    dbus_connection_unref (connection);
}

static void
free_subtree_recurse (DBusConnection    *connection,
                      DBusObjectSubtree *subtree)
{
  /* Delete them from the end, for slightly
   * more robustness against odd reentrancy.
   */
  while (subtree->n_subtrees > 0)
    {
      DBusObjectSubtree *child;

      child = subtree->subtrees[subtree->n_subtrees - 1];
      subtree->subtrees[subtree->n_subtrees - 1] = NULL;
      subtree->n_subtrees -= 1;
      child->parent = NULL;

      free_subtree_recurse (connection, child);
    }

  /* Call application code */
  if (subtree->unregister_function)
    (* subtree->unregister_function) (connection,
                              subtree->user_data);

  subtree->message_function = NULL;
  subtree->unregister_function = NULL;
  subtree->user_data = NULL;

  /* Now free ourselves */
  _dbus_object_subtree_unref (subtree);
}

/**
 * Free all the handlers in the tree. Lock on tree's connection
 * must not be held.
 *
 * @param tree the object tree
 */
void
00561 _dbus_object_tree_free_all_unlocked (DBusObjectTree *tree)
{
  if (tree->root)
    free_subtree_recurse (tree->connection,
                          tree->root);
  tree->root = NULL;
}

static dbus_bool_t
_dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (DBusObjectTree *tree,
                                            const char    **parent_path,
                                            char         ***child_entries)
{
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;
  char **retval;
  
  _dbus_assert (parent_path != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (child_entries != NULL);

  *child_entries = NULL;
  
  subtree = lookup_subtree (tree, parent_path);
  if (subtree == NULL)
    {
      retval = dbus_new0 (char *, 1);
    }
  else
    {
      int i;
      retval = dbus_new0 (char*, subtree->n_subtrees + 1);
      if (retval == NULL)
        goto out;
      i = 0;
      while (i < subtree->n_subtrees)
        {
          retval[i] = _dbus_strdup (subtree->subtrees[i]->name);
          if (retval[i] == NULL)
            {
              dbus_free_string_array (retval);
              retval = NULL;
              goto out;
            }
          ++i;
        }
    }

 out:
    
  *child_entries = retval;
  return retval != NULL;
}

static DBusHandlerResult
handle_default_introspect_unlocked (DBusObjectTree          *tree,
                                    DBusMessage             *message,
                                    const char             **path)
{
  DBusString xml;
  DBusHandlerResult result;
  char **children;
  int i;

  if (!dbus_message_is_method_call (message,
                                    DBUS_INTERFACE_ORG_FREEDESKTOP_INTROSPECTABLE,
                                    "Introspect"))
    return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&xml))
    return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NEED_MEMORY;

  result = DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NEED_MEMORY;

  children = NULL;
  if (!_dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree, path, &children))
    goto out;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&xml, "<node>\n"))
    goto out;

  i = 0;
  while (children[i] != NULL)
    {
      if (!_dbus_string_append_printf (&xml, "  <node name=\"%s\"/>\n",
                                       children[i]))
        goto out;

      ++i;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&xml, "</node>\n"))
    goto out;
  
  result = DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_HANDLED;
  
 out:
  _dbus_string_free (&xml);
  dbus_free_string_array (children);
  
  return result;
}

/**
 * Tries to dispatch a message by directing it to handler for the
 * object path listed in the message header, if any. Messages are
 * dispatched first to the registered handler that matches the largest
 * number of path elements; that is, message to /foo/bar/baz would go
 * to the handler for /foo/bar before the one for /foo.
 *
 * @todo thread problems
 *
 * @param tree the global object tree
 * @param message the message to dispatch
 * @returns whether message was handled successfully
 */
DBusHandlerResult
00676 _dbus_object_tree_dispatch_and_unlock (DBusObjectTree          *tree,
                                       DBusMessage             *message)
{
  char **path;
  dbus_bool_t exact_match;
  DBusList *list;
  DBusList *link;
  DBusHandlerResult result;
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;
  
#if 0
  _dbus_verbose ("Dispatch of message by object path\n");
#endif
  
  path = NULL;
  if (!dbus_message_get_path_decomposed (message, &path))
    {
#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
      if (tree->connection)
#endif
        _dbus_connection_unlock (tree->connection);
      
      _dbus_verbose ("No memory to get decomposed path\n");

      return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NEED_MEMORY;
    }

  if (path == NULL)
    {
#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
      if (tree->connection)
#endif
        _dbus_connection_unlock (tree->connection);
      
      _dbus_verbose ("No path field in message\n");
      return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;
    }
  
  /* Find the deepest path that covers the path in the message */
  subtree = find_handler (tree, (const char**) path, &exact_match);
  
  /* Build a list of all paths that cover the path in the message */

  list = NULL;

  while (subtree != NULL)
    {
      if (subtree->message_function != NULL && (exact_match || subtree->invoke_as_fallback))
        {
          _dbus_object_subtree_ref (subtree);

          /* run deepest paths first */
          if (!_dbus_list_append (&list, subtree))
            {
              result = DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NEED_MEMORY;
              _dbus_object_subtree_unref (subtree);
              goto free_and_return;
            }
        }

      exact_match = FALSE;
      subtree = subtree->parent;
    }

  _dbus_verbose ("%d handlers in the path tree for this message\n",
                 _dbus_list_get_length (&list));

  /* Invoke each handler in the list */

  result = DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;

  link = _dbus_list_get_first_link (&list);
  while (link != NULL)
    {
      DBusList *next = _dbus_list_get_next_link (&list, link);
      subtree = link->data;

      /* message_function is NULL if we're unregistered
       * due to reentrancy
       */
      if (subtree->message_function)
        {
          DBusObjectPathMessageFunction message_function;
          void *user_data;

          message_function = subtree->message_function;
          user_data = subtree->user_data;

#if 0
          _dbus_verbose ("  (invoking a handler)\n");
#endif
          
#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
          if (tree->connection)
#endif
            _dbus_connection_unlock (tree->connection);

          /* FIXME you could unregister the subtree in another thread
           * before we invoke the callback, and I can't figure out a
           * good way to solve this.
           */

          result = (* message_function) (tree->connection,
                                         message,
                                         user_data);

#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
          if (tree->connection)
#endif
            _dbus_connection_lock (tree->connection);

          if (result != DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED)
            goto free_and_return;
        }

      link = next;
    }

 free_and_return:

  if (result == DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED)
    {
      /* This hardcoded default handler does a minimal Introspect()
       */
      result = handle_default_introspect_unlocked (tree, message,
                                                   (const char**) path);
    }

#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
  if (tree->connection)
#endif
    _dbus_connection_unlock (tree->connection);
  
  while (list != NULL)
    {
      link = _dbus_list_get_first_link (&list);
      _dbus_object_subtree_unref (link->data);
      _dbus_list_remove_link (&list, link);
    }
  
  dbus_free_string_array (path);

  return result;
}

/**
 * Allocates a subtree object.
 *
 * @param name name to duplicate.
 * @returns newly-allocated subtree
 */
static DBusObjectSubtree*
00828 allocate_subtree_object (const char *name)
{
  int len;
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;
  const size_t front_padding = _DBUS_STRUCT_OFFSET (DBusObjectSubtree, name);

  _dbus_assert (name != NULL);

  len = strlen (name);

  subtree = dbus_malloc (front_padding + (len + 1));

  if (subtree == NULL)
    return NULL;

  memcpy (subtree->name, name, len + 1);

  return subtree;
}

static DBusObjectSubtree*
_dbus_object_subtree_new (const char                  *name,
                          const DBusObjectPathVTable  *vtable,
                          void                        *user_data)
{
  DBusObjectSubtree *subtree;

  subtree = allocate_subtree_object (name);
  if (subtree == NULL)
    goto oom;

  _dbus_assert (name != NULL);

  subtree->parent = NULL;

  if (vtable)
    {
      subtree->message_function = vtable->message_function;
      subtree->unregister_function = vtable->unregister_function;
    }
  else
    {
      subtree->message_function = NULL;
      subtree->unregister_function = NULL;
    }

  subtree->user_data = user_data;
  subtree->refcount.value = 1;
  subtree->subtrees = NULL;
  subtree->n_subtrees = 0;
  subtree->subtrees_sorted = TRUE;
  subtree->invoke_as_fallback = FALSE;

  return subtree;

 oom:
  if (subtree)
    {
      dbus_free (subtree);
    }

  return NULL;
}

static DBusObjectSubtree *
_dbus_object_subtree_ref (DBusObjectSubtree *subtree)
{
  _dbus_assert (subtree->refcount.value > 0);
  _dbus_atomic_inc (&subtree->refcount);

  return subtree;
}

static void
_dbus_object_subtree_unref (DBusObjectSubtree *subtree)
{
  _dbus_assert (subtree->refcount.value > 0);

  if (_dbus_atomic_dec (&subtree->refcount) == 1)
    {
      _dbus_assert (subtree->unregister_function == NULL);
      _dbus_assert (subtree->message_function == NULL);

      dbus_free (subtree->subtrees);
      dbus_free (subtree);
    }
}

/**
 * Lists the registered fallback handlers and object path handlers at
 * the given parent_path. The returned array should be freed with
 * dbus_free_string_array().
 *
 * @param tree the object tree
 * @param parent_path the path to list the child handlers of
 * @param child_entries returns #NULL-terminated array of children
 * @returns #FALSE if no memory to allocate the child entries
 */
dbus_bool_t
00927 _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_and_unlock (DBusObjectTree *tree,
                                              const char    **parent_path,
                                              char         ***child_entries)
{
  dbus_bool_t result;

  result = _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree,
                                                       parent_path,
                                                       child_entries);
  
#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
  if (tree->connection)
#endif
    _dbus_connection_unlock (tree->connection);

  return result;
}
     
/** @} */

#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
#include "dbus-test.h"
#include <stdio.h>

static char*
flatten_path (const char **path)
{
  DBusString str;
  int i;
  char *s;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&str))
    return NULL;

  i = 0;
  while (path[i])
    {
      if (!_dbus_string_append_byte (&str, '/'))
        goto nomem;

      if (!_dbus_string_append (&str, path[i]))
        goto nomem;

      ++i;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_steal_data (&str, &s))
    goto nomem;

  _dbus_string_free (&str);

  return s;

 nomem:
  _dbus_string_free (&str);
  return NULL;
}


typedef enum 
{
  STR_EQUAL,
  STR_PREFIX,
  STR_DIFFERENT
} StrComparison;

/* Returns TRUE if container is a parent of child
 */
static StrComparison
path_contains (const char **container,
               const char **child)
{
  int i;

  i = 0;
  while (child[i] != NULL)
    {
      int v;

      if (container[i] == NULL)
        return STR_PREFIX; /* container ran out, child continues;
                  * thus the container is a parent of the
                  * child.
                  */

      _dbus_assert (container[i] != NULL);
      _dbus_assert (child[i] != NULL);

      v = strcmp (container[i], child[i]);

      if (v != 0)
        return STR_DIFFERENT; /* they overlap until here and then are different,
                     * not overlapping
                     */

      ++i;
    }

  /* Child ran out; if container also did, they are equal;
   * otherwise, the child is a parent of the container.
   */
  if (container[i] == NULL)
    return STR_EQUAL;
  else
    return STR_DIFFERENT;
}

#if 0
static void
spew_subtree_recurse (DBusObjectSubtree *subtree,
                      int                indent)
{
  int i;

  i = 0;
  while (i < indent)
    {
      _dbus_verbose (" ");
      ++i;
    }

  _dbus_verbose ("%s (%d children)\n",
                 subtree->name, subtree->n_subtrees);

  i = 0;
  while (i < subtree->n_subtrees)
    {
      spew_subtree_recurse (subtree->subtrees[i], indent + 2);

      ++i;
    }
}

static void
spew_tree (DBusObjectTree *tree)
{
  spew_subtree_recurse (tree->root, 0);
}
#endif

/**
 * Callback data used in tests
 */
typedef struct
{
  const char **path; /**< Path */
  dbus_bool_t handler_fallback; /**< true if the handler may be called as fallback */
  dbus_bool_t message_handled; /**< Gets set to true if message handler called */
  dbus_bool_t handler_unregistered; /**< gets set to true if handler is unregistered */
} TreeTestData;


static void
test_unregister_function (DBusConnection  *connection,
                          void            *user_data)
{
  TreeTestData *ttd = user_data;

  ttd->handler_unregistered = TRUE;
}

static DBusHandlerResult
test_message_function (DBusConnection  *connection,
                       DBusMessage     *message,
                       void            *user_data)
{
  TreeTestData *ttd = user_data;

  ttd->message_handled = TRUE;

  return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;
}

static dbus_bool_t
do_register (DBusObjectTree *tree,
             const char    **path,
             dbus_bool_t     fallback,
             int             i,
             TreeTestData   *tree_test_data)
{
  DBusObjectPathVTable vtable = { test_unregister_function,
                                  test_message_function, NULL };

  tree_test_data[i].message_handled = FALSE;
  tree_test_data[i].handler_unregistered = FALSE;
  tree_test_data[i].handler_fallback = fallback;
  tree_test_data[i].path = path;

  if (!_dbus_object_tree_register (tree, fallback, path,
                                   &vtable,
                                   &tree_test_data[i]))
    return FALSE;

  return TRUE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
do_test_dispatch (DBusObjectTree *tree,
                  const char    **path,
                  int             i,
                  TreeTestData   *tree_test_data,
                  int             n_test_data)
{
  DBusMessage *message;
  int j;
  DBusHandlerResult result;
  char *flat;

  message = NULL;
  
  flat = flatten_path (path);
  if (flat == NULL)
    goto oom;

  message = dbus_message_new_method_call (NULL,
                                          flat,
                                          "org.freedesktop.TestInterface",
                                          "Foo");
  dbus_free (flat);
  if (message == NULL)
    goto oom;

  j = 0;
  while (j < n_test_data)
    {
      tree_test_data[j].message_handled = FALSE;
      ++j;
    }

  result = _dbus_object_tree_dispatch_and_unlock (tree, message);
  if (result == DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NEED_MEMORY)
    goto oom;

  _dbus_assert (tree_test_data[i].message_handled);

  j = 0;
  while (j < n_test_data)
    {
      if (tree_test_data[j].message_handled)
      {
        if (tree_test_data[j].handler_fallback)
          _dbus_assert (path_contains (tree_test_data[j].path,
                               path) != STR_DIFFERENT);
        else
          _dbus_assert (path_contains (tree_test_data[j].path, path) == STR_EQUAL);
      }
      else
      {
        if (tree_test_data[j].handler_fallback)
          _dbus_assert (path_contains (tree_test_data[j].path,
                               path) == STR_DIFFERENT);
        else
          _dbus_assert (path_contains (tree_test_data[j].path, path) != STR_EQUAL);
      }

      ++j;
    }

  dbus_message_unref (message);

  return TRUE;

 oom:
  if (message)
    dbus_message_unref (message);
  return FALSE;
}

static size_t
string_array_length (char **array)
{
  size_t i;
  for (i = 0; array[i]; i++) ;
  return i;
}


static dbus_bool_t
object_tree_test_iteration (void *data)
{
  const char *path1[] = { "foo", NULL };
  const char *path2[] = { "foo", "bar", NULL };
  const char *path3[] = { "foo", "bar", "baz", NULL };
  const char *path4[] = { "foo", "bar", "boo", NULL };
  const char *path5[] = { "blah", NULL };
  const char *path6[] = { "blah", "boof", NULL };
  const char *path7[] = { "blah", "boof", "this", "is", "really", "long", NULL };
  const char *path8[] = { "childless", NULL };
  DBusObjectTree *tree;
  TreeTestData tree_test_data[8];
  int i;
  dbus_bool_t exact_match;

  tree = NULL;

  tree = _dbus_object_tree_new (NULL);
  if (tree == NULL)
    goto out;

  if (!do_register (tree, path1, TRUE, 0, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path1, &exact_match) &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path2, &exact_match) && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path3, &exact_match) && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path4, &exact_match) && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path5, &exact_match) == tree->root && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path6, &exact_match) == tree->root && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path7, &exact_match) == tree->root && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path8, &exact_match) == tree->root && !exact_match);

  if (!do_register (tree, path2, TRUE, 1, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  if (!do_register (tree, path3, TRUE, 2, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  if (!do_register (tree, path4, TRUE, 3, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));  
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  if (!do_register (tree, path5, TRUE, 4, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path1, &exact_match) != tree->root &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path2, &exact_match) != tree->root &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path3, &exact_match) != tree->root &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path4, &exact_match) != tree->root &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path5, &exact_match) != tree->root &&  exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path6, &exact_match) != tree->root && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path7, &exact_match) != tree->root && !exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path8, &exact_match) == tree->root && !exact_match);

  if (!do_register (tree, path6, TRUE, 5, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  if (!do_register (tree, path7, TRUE, 6, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  if (!do_register (tree, path8, TRUE, 7, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path1, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path2, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path3, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path4, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path5, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path6, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path7, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  _dbus_assert (find_handler (tree, path8, &exact_match) != tree->root && exact_match);
  
  /* test the list_registered function */

  {
    const char *root[] = { NULL };
    char **child_entries;
    int nb;

    _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree, path1, &child_entries);
    if (child_entries != NULL)
      {
      nb = string_array_length (child_entries);
      _dbus_assert (nb == 1);
      dbus_free_string_array (child_entries);
      }

    _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree, path2, &child_entries);
    if (child_entries != NULL)
      {
      nb = string_array_length (child_entries);
      _dbus_assert (nb == 2);
      dbus_free_string_array (child_entries);
      }

    _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree, path8, &child_entries);
    if (child_entries != NULL)
      {
      nb = string_array_length (child_entries);
      _dbus_assert (nb == 0);
      dbus_free_string_array (child_entries);
      }

    _dbus_object_tree_list_registered_unlocked (tree, root, &child_entries);
    if (child_entries != NULL)
      {
      nb = string_array_length (child_entries);
      _dbus_assert (nb == 3);
      dbus_free_string_array (child_entries);
      }
  }

  /* Check that destroying tree calls unregister funcs */
  _dbus_object_tree_unref (tree);

  i = 0;
  while (i < (int) _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data))
    {
      _dbus_assert (tree_test_data[i].handler_unregistered);
      _dbus_assert (!tree_test_data[i].message_handled);
      ++i;
    }

  /* Now start again and try the individual unregister function */
  tree = _dbus_object_tree_new (NULL);
  if (tree == NULL)
    goto out;

  if (!do_register (tree, path1, TRUE, 0, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path2, TRUE, 1, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path3, TRUE, 2, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path4, TRUE, 3, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path5, TRUE, 4, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path6, TRUE, 5, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path7, TRUE, 6, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path8, TRUE, 7, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  
  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path1);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path2);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path3);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path4);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path5);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path6);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path7);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));

  _dbus_object_tree_unregister_and_unlock (tree, path8);

  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path1, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path2, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path3, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path4, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path5, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path6, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path7, NULL));
  _dbus_assert (!find_subtree (tree, path8, NULL));
  
  i = 0;
  while (i < (int) _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data))
    {
      _dbus_assert (tree_test_data[i].handler_unregistered);
      _dbus_assert (!tree_test_data[i].message_handled);
      ++i;
    }

  /* Register it all again, and test dispatch */

  if (!do_register (tree, path1, FALSE, 0, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path2, TRUE, 1, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path3, TRUE, 2, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path4, TRUE, 3, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path5, TRUE, 4, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path6, FALSE, 5, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path7, TRUE, 6, tree_test_data))
    goto out;
  if (!do_register (tree, path8, TRUE, 7, tree_test_data))
    goto out;

#if 0
  spew_tree (tree);
#endif
  
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path1, 0, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path2, 1, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path3, 2, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path4, 3, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path5, 4, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path6, 5, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path7, 6, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  if (!do_test_dispatch (tree, path8, 7, tree_test_data, _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (tree_test_data)))
    goto out;
  
 out:
  if (tree)
    {
      /* test ref */
      _dbus_object_tree_ref (tree);
      _dbus_object_tree_unref (tree);
      _dbus_object_tree_unref (tree);
    }

  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * @ingroup DBusObjectTree
 * Unit test for DBusObjectTree
 * @returns #TRUE on success.
 */
dbus_bool_t
_dbus_object_tree_test (void)
{
  _dbus_test_oom_handling ("object tree",
                           object_tree_test_iteration,
                           NULL);

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /* DBUS_BUILD_TESTS */

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