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dbus-auth.c

/* -*- mode: C; c-file-style: "gnu" -*- */
/* dbus-auth.c Authentication
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2004 Red Hat Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Academic Free License version 2.1
 * 
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 */
#include "dbus-auth.h"
#include "dbus-string.h"
#include "dbus-list.h"
#include "dbus-internals.h"
#include "dbus-keyring.h"
#include "dbus-sha.h"
#include "dbus-userdb.h"
#include "dbus-protocol.h"

/**
 * @defgroup DBusAuth Authentication
 * @ingroup  DBusInternals
 * @brief DBusAuth object
 *
 * DBusAuth manages the authentication negotiation when a connection
 * is first established, and also manage any encryption used over a
 * connection.
 *
 * @todo some SASL profiles require sending the empty string as a
 * challenge/response, but we don't currently allow that in our
 * protocol.
 *
 * @todo DBusAuth really needs to be rewritten as an explicit state
 * machine. Right now it's too hard to prove to yourself by inspection
 * that it works.
 *
 * @todo right now sometimes both ends will block waiting for input
 * from the other end, e.g. if there's an error during
 * DBUS_COOKIE_SHA1.
 *
 * @todo the cookie keyring needs to be cached globally not just
 * per-auth (which raises threadsafety issues too)
 * 
 * @todo grep FIXME in dbus-auth.c
 */

/**
 * @defgroup DBusAuthInternals Authentication implementation details
 * @ingroup  DBusInternals
 * @brief DBusAuth implementation details
 *
 * Private details of authentication code.
 *
 * @{
 */

/**
 * This function appends an initial client response to the given string
 */
00072 typedef dbus_bool_t (* DBusInitialResponseFunction)  (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                      DBusString       *response);

/**
 * This function processes a block of data received from the peer.
 * i.e. handles a DATA command.
 */
00079 typedef dbus_bool_t (* DBusAuthDataFunction)     (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                  const DBusString *data);

/**
 * This function encodes a block of data from the peer.
 */
00085 typedef dbus_bool_t (* DBusAuthEncodeFunction)   (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                  const DBusString *data,
                                                  DBusString       *encoded);

/**
 * This function decodes a block of data from the peer.
 */
00092 typedef dbus_bool_t (* DBusAuthDecodeFunction)   (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                  const DBusString *data,
                                                  DBusString       *decoded);

/**
 * This function is called when the mechanism is abandoned.
 */
00099 typedef void        (* DBusAuthShutdownFunction) (DBusAuth       *auth);

/**
 * Virtual table representing a particular auth mechanism.
 */
00104 typedef struct
{
00106   const char *mechanism; /**< Name of the mechanism */
00107   DBusAuthDataFunction server_data_func; /**< Function on server side for DATA */
00108   DBusAuthEncodeFunction server_encode_func; /**< Function on server side to encode */
00109   DBusAuthDecodeFunction server_decode_func; /**< Function on server side to decode */
00110   DBusAuthShutdownFunction server_shutdown_func; /**< Function on server side to shut down */
00111   DBusInitialResponseFunction client_initial_response_func; /**< Function on client side to handle initial response */
00112   DBusAuthDataFunction client_data_func; /**< Function on client side for DATA */
00113   DBusAuthEncodeFunction client_encode_func; /**< Function on client side for encode */
00114   DBusAuthDecodeFunction client_decode_func; /**< Function on client side for decode */
00115   DBusAuthShutdownFunction client_shutdown_func; /**< Function on client side for shutdown */
} DBusAuthMechanismHandler;

/**
 * Enumeration for the known authentication commands.
 */
00121 typedef enum {
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR,
  DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN
} DBusAuthCommand;

/**
 * Auth state function, determines the reaction to incoming events for
 * a particular state. Returns whether we had enough memory to
 * complete the operation.
 */
00137 typedef dbus_bool_t (* DBusAuthStateFunction) (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                               DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                               const DBusString *args);

/**
 * Information about a auth state.
 */
00144 typedef struct
{
00146   const char *name;               /**< Name of the state */
00147   DBusAuthStateFunction handler;  /**< State function for this state */
} DBusAuthStateData;

/**
 * Internal members of DBusAuth.
 */
00153 struct DBusAuth
{
00155   int refcount;           /**< reference count */
00156   const char *side;       /**< Client or server */

00158   DBusString incoming;    /**< Incoming data buffer */
00159   DBusString outgoing;    /**< Outgoing data buffer */
  
00161   const DBusAuthStateData *state;         /**< Current protocol state */

00163   const DBusAuthMechanismHandler *mech;   /**< Current auth mechanism */

00165   DBusString identity;                   /**< Current identity we're authorizing
                                          *   as.
                                          */
  
00169   DBusCredentials credentials;      /**< Credentials read from socket,
                                     * fields may be -1
                                     */

00173   DBusCredentials authorized_identity; /**< Credentials that are authorized */

00175   DBusCredentials desired_identity;    /**< Identity client has requested */
  
00177   DBusString context;               /**< Cookie scope */
00178   DBusKeyring *keyring;             /**< Keyring for cookie mechanism. */
00179   int cookie_id;                    /**< ID of cookie to use */
00180   DBusString challenge;             /**< Challenge sent to client */

00182   char **allowed_mechs;             /**< Mechanisms we're allowed to use,
                                     * or #NULL if we can use any
                                     */
  
00186   unsigned int needed_memory : 1;   /**< We needed memory to continue since last
                                     * successful getting something done
                                     */
00189   unsigned int already_got_mechanisms : 1;       /**< Client already got mech list */
00190   unsigned int already_asked_for_initial_response : 1; /**< Already sent a blank challenge to get an initial response */
00191   unsigned int buffer_outstanding : 1; /**< Buffer is "checked out" for reading data into */
};

/**
 * "Subclass" of DBusAuth for client side
 */
00197 typedef struct
{
00199   DBusAuth base;    /**< Parent class */

00201   DBusList *mechs_to_try; /**< Mechanisms we got from the server that we're going to try using */
  
} DBusAuthClient;

/**
 * "Subclass" of DBusAuth for server side.
 */
00208 typedef struct
{
00210   DBusAuth base;    /**< Parent class */

00212   int failures;     /**< Number of times client has been rejected */
00213   int max_failures; /**< Number of times we reject before disconnect */
  
} DBusAuthServer;

static void        goto_state                (DBusAuth                       *auth,
                                              const DBusAuthStateData        *new_state);
static dbus_bool_t send_auth                 (DBusAuth *auth,
                                              const DBusAuthMechanismHandler *mech);
static dbus_bool_t send_data                 (DBusAuth *auth,
                                              DBusString *data);
static dbus_bool_t send_rejected             (DBusAuth *auth);
static dbus_bool_t send_error                (DBusAuth *auth,
                                              const char *message);
static dbus_bool_t send_ok                   (DBusAuth *auth);
static dbus_bool_t send_begin                (DBusAuth *auth);
static dbus_bool_t send_cancel               (DBusAuth *auth);

/**
 * Client states
 */
 
static dbus_bool_t handle_server_state_waiting_for_auth  (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                          DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                          const DBusString *args);
static dbus_bool_t handle_server_state_waiting_for_data  (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                          DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                          const DBusString *args);
static dbus_bool_t handle_server_state_waiting_for_begin (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                          DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                          const DBusString *args);
  
static const DBusAuthStateData server_state_waiting_for_auth = {
  "WaitingForAuth", handle_server_state_waiting_for_auth
};
static const DBusAuthStateData server_state_waiting_for_data = {
  "WaitingForData", handle_server_state_waiting_for_data
};
static const DBusAuthStateData server_state_waiting_for_begin = {
  "WaitingForBegin", handle_server_state_waiting_for_begin
};
  
/**
 * Client states
 */
 
static dbus_bool_t handle_client_state_waiting_for_data   (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                           DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                           const DBusString *args);
static dbus_bool_t handle_client_state_waiting_for_ok     (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                           DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                           const DBusString *args);
static dbus_bool_t handle_client_state_waiting_for_reject (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                                           DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                                           const DBusString *args);

static const DBusAuthStateData client_state_need_send_auth = {
  "NeedSendAuth", NULL
};
static const DBusAuthStateData client_state_waiting_for_data = {
  "WaitingForData", handle_client_state_waiting_for_data
};
static const DBusAuthStateData client_state_waiting_for_ok = {
  "WaitingForOK", handle_client_state_waiting_for_ok
};
static const DBusAuthStateData client_state_waiting_for_reject = {
  "WaitingForReject", handle_client_state_waiting_for_reject
};
  
/**
 * Common terminal states.  Terminal states have handler == NULL.
 */

00285 static const DBusAuthStateData common_state_authenticated = {
  "Authenticated",  NULL
};

static const DBusAuthStateData common_state_need_disconnect = {
  "NeedDisconnect",  NULL
};

static const char auth_side_client[] = "client";
static const char auth_side_server[] = "server";
/**
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns #TRUE if the conversation is the server side
 */
00299 #define DBUS_AUTH_IS_SERVER(auth) ((auth)->side == auth_side_server)
/**
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns #TRUE if the conversation is the client side
 */
00304 #define DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT(auth) ((auth)->side == auth_side_client)
/**
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns auth cast to DBusAuthClient
 */
00309 #define DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT(auth)    ((DBusAuthClient*)(auth))
/**
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns auth cast to DBusAuthServer
 */
00314 #define DBUS_AUTH_SERVER(auth)    ((DBusAuthServer*)(auth))

/**
 * The name of the auth ("client" or "server")
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns a string
 */
00321 #define DBUS_AUTH_NAME(auth)      ((auth)->side)

static DBusAuth*
_dbus_auth_new (int size)
{
  DBusAuth *auth;
  
  auth = dbus_malloc0 (size);
  if (auth == NULL)
    return NULL;
  
  auth->refcount = 1;

  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->credentials);
  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->authorized_identity);
  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->desired_identity);
  
  auth->keyring = NULL;
  auth->cookie_id = -1;
  
  /* note that we don't use the max string length feature,
   * because you can't use that feature if you're going to
   * try to recover from out-of-memory (it creates
   * what looks like unrecoverable inability to alloc
   * more space in the string). But we do handle
   * overlong buffers in _dbus_auth_do_work().
   */
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth->incoming))
    goto enomem_0;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth->outgoing))
    goto enomem_1;
    
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth->identity))
    goto enomem_2;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth->context))
    goto enomem_3;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth->challenge))
    goto enomem_4;

  /* default context if none is specified */
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth->context, "org_freedesktop_general"))
    goto enomem_5;
  
  return auth;

 enomem_5:
  _dbus_string_free (&auth->challenge);
 enomem_4:
  _dbus_string_free (&auth->context);
 enomem_3:
  _dbus_string_free (&auth->identity);
 enomem_2:
  _dbus_string_free (&auth->outgoing);
 enomem_1:
  _dbus_string_free (&auth->incoming);
 enomem_0:
  dbus_free (auth);
  return NULL;
}

static void
shutdown_mech (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  /* Cancel any auth */
  auth->already_asked_for_initial_response = FALSE;
  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->identity, 0);

  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->authorized_identity);
  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->desired_identity);
  
  if (auth->mech != NULL)
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Shutting down mechanism %s\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), auth->mech->mechanism);
      
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        (* auth->mech->client_shutdown_func) (auth);
      else
        (* auth->mech->server_shutdown_func) (auth);
      
      auth->mech = NULL;
    }
}

/* Returns TRUE but with an empty string hash if the
 * cookie_id isn't known. As with all this code
 * TRUE just means we had enough memory.
 */
static dbus_bool_t
sha1_compute_hash (DBusAuth         *auth,
                   int               cookie_id,
                   const DBusString *server_challenge,
                   const DBusString *client_challenge,
                   DBusString       *hash)
{
  DBusString cookie;
  DBusString to_hash;
  dbus_bool_t retval;
  
  _dbus_assert (auth->keyring != NULL);

  retval = FALSE;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&cookie))
    return FALSE;

  if (!_dbus_keyring_get_hex_key (auth->keyring, cookie_id,
                                  &cookie))
    goto out_0;

  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&cookie) == 0)
    {
      retval = TRUE;
      goto out_0;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&to_hash))
    goto out_0;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy (server_challenge, 0,
                          &to_hash, _dbus_string_get_length (&to_hash)))
    goto out_1;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&to_hash, ":"))
    goto out_1;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy (client_challenge, 0,
                          &to_hash, _dbus_string_get_length (&to_hash)))
    goto out_1;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&to_hash, ":"))
    goto out_1;

  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&cookie, 0,
                          &to_hash, _dbus_string_get_length (&to_hash)))
    goto out_1;

  if (!_dbus_sha_compute (&to_hash, hash))
    goto out_1;
  
  retval = TRUE;

 out_1:
  _dbus_string_zero (&to_hash);
  _dbus_string_free (&to_hash);
 out_0:
  _dbus_string_zero (&cookie);
  _dbus_string_free (&cookie);
  return retval;
}

/** http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2831.txt suggests at least 64 bits of
 * entropy, we use 128. This is the number of bytes in the random
 * challenge.
 */
00480 #define N_CHALLENGE_BYTES (128/8)

static dbus_bool_t
sha1_handle_first_client_response (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                   const DBusString *data)
{
  /* We haven't sent a challenge yet, we're expecting a desired
   * username from the client.
   */
  DBusString tmp;
  DBusString tmp2;
  dbus_bool_t retval;
  DBusError error;
  
  retval = FALSE;

  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->challenge, 0);
  
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (data) > 0)
    {
      if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->identity) > 0)
        {
          /* Tried to send two auth identities, wtf */
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: client tried to send auth identity, but we already have one\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
          return send_rejected (auth);
        }
      else
        {
          /* this is our auth identity */
          if (!_dbus_string_copy (data, 0, &auth->identity, 0))
            return FALSE;
        }
    }
      
  if (!_dbus_credentials_from_username (data, &auth->desired_identity))
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Did not get a valid username from client\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
      
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&tmp))
    return FALSE;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&tmp2))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&tmp);
      return FALSE;
    }

  /* we cache the keyring for speed, so here we drop it if it's the
   * wrong one. FIXME caching the keyring here is useless since we use
   * a different DBusAuth for every connection.
   */
  if (auth->keyring &&
      !_dbus_keyring_is_for_user (auth->keyring,
                                  data))
    {
      _dbus_keyring_unref (auth->keyring);
      auth->keyring = NULL;
    }
  
  if (auth->keyring == NULL)
    {
      DBusError error;

      dbus_error_init (&error);
      auth->keyring = _dbus_keyring_new_homedir (data,
                                                 &auth->context,
                                                 &error);

      if (auth->keyring == NULL)
        {
          if (dbus_error_has_name (&error,
                                   DBUS_ERROR_NO_MEMORY))
            {
              dbus_error_free (&error);
              goto out;
            }
          else
            {
              _DBUS_ASSERT_ERROR_IS_SET (&error);
              _dbus_verbose ("%s: Error loading keyring: %s\n",
                             DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), error.message);
              if (send_rejected (auth))
                retval = TRUE; /* retval is only about mem */
              dbus_error_free (&error);
              goto out;
            }
        }
      else
        {
          _dbus_assert (!dbus_error_is_set (&error));
        }
    }

  _dbus_assert (auth->keyring != NULL);

  dbus_error_init (&error);
  auth->cookie_id = _dbus_keyring_get_best_key (auth->keyring, &error);
  if (auth->cookie_id < 0)
    {
      _DBUS_ASSERT_ERROR_IS_SET (&error);
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Could not get a cookie ID to send to client: %s\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), error.message);
      if (send_rejected (auth))
        retval = TRUE;
      dbus_error_free (&error);
      goto out;
    }
  else
    {
      _dbus_assert (!dbus_error_is_set (&error));
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&auth->context, 0,
                          &tmp2, _dbus_string_get_length (&tmp2)))
    goto out;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&tmp2, " "))
    goto out;

  if (!_dbus_string_append_int (&tmp2, auth->cookie_id))
    goto out;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&tmp2, " "))
    goto out;  
  
  if (!_dbus_generate_random_bytes (&tmp, N_CHALLENGE_BYTES))
    goto out;

  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->challenge, 0);
  if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (&tmp, 0, &auth->challenge, 0))
    goto out;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (&tmp, 0, &tmp2,
                                _dbus_string_get_length (&tmp2)))
    goto out;

  if (!send_data (auth, &tmp2))
    goto out;
      
  goto_state (auth, &server_state_waiting_for_data);
  retval = TRUE;
  
 out:
  _dbus_string_zero (&tmp);
  _dbus_string_free (&tmp);
  _dbus_string_zero (&tmp2);
  _dbus_string_free (&tmp2);

  return retval;
}

static dbus_bool_t
sha1_handle_second_client_response (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                    const DBusString *data)
{
  /* We are expecting a response which is the hex-encoded client
   * challenge, space, then SHA-1 hash of the concatenation of our
   * challenge, ":", client challenge, ":", secret key, all
   * hex-encoded.
   */
  int i;
  DBusString client_challenge;
  DBusString client_hash;
  dbus_bool_t retval;
  DBusString correct_hash;
  
  retval = FALSE;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_find_blank (data, 0, &i))
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: no space separator in client response\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&client_challenge))
    goto out_0;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&client_hash))
    goto out_1;  

  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (data, 0, i, &client_challenge,
                              0))
    goto out_2;

  _dbus_string_skip_blank (data, i, &i);
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (data, i,
                              _dbus_string_get_length (data) - i,
                              &client_hash,
                              0))
    goto out_2;

  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&client_challenge) == 0 ||
      _dbus_string_get_length (&client_hash) == 0)
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: zero-length client challenge or hash\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      if (send_rejected (auth))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_2;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&correct_hash))
    goto out_2;

  if (!sha1_compute_hash (auth, auth->cookie_id,
                          &auth->challenge, 
                          &client_challenge,
                          &correct_hash))
    goto out_3;

  /* if cookie_id was invalid, then we get an empty hash */
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&correct_hash) == 0)
    {
      if (send_rejected (auth))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_3;
    }
  
  if (!_dbus_string_equal (&client_hash, &correct_hash))
    {
      if (send_rejected (auth))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_3;
    }
      
  if (!send_ok (auth))
    goto out_3;

  _dbus_verbose ("%s: authenticated client with UID "DBUS_UID_FORMAT" using DBUS_COOKIE_SHA1\n",
                 DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), auth->desired_identity.uid);
  
  auth->authorized_identity = auth->desired_identity;
  retval = TRUE;
  
 out_3:
  _dbus_string_zero (&correct_hash);
  _dbus_string_free (&correct_hash);
 out_2:
  _dbus_string_zero (&client_hash);
  _dbus_string_free (&client_hash);
 out_1:
  _dbus_string_free (&client_challenge);
 out_0:
  return retval;
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_server_data_cookie_sha1_mech (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                     const DBusString *data)
{
  if (auth->cookie_id < 0)
    return sha1_handle_first_client_response (auth, data);
  else
    return sha1_handle_second_client_response (auth, data);
}

static void
handle_server_shutdown_cookie_sha1_mech (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  auth->cookie_id = -1;  
  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->challenge, 0);
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_initial_response_cookie_sha1_mech (DBusAuth   *auth,
                                                 DBusString *response)
{
  const DBusString *username;
  dbus_bool_t retval;

  retval = FALSE;

  if (!_dbus_username_from_current_process (&username))
    goto out_0;

  if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (username, 0,
                        response,
                        _dbus_string_get_length (response)))
    goto out_0;

  retval = TRUE;
  
 out_0:
  return retval;
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_data_cookie_sha1_mech (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                     const DBusString *data)
{
  /* The data we get from the server should be the cookie context
   * name, the cookie ID, and the server challenge, separated by
   * spaces. We send back our challenge string and the correct hash.
   */
  dbus_bool_t retval;
  DBusString context;
  DBusString cookie_id_str;
  DBusString server_challenge;
  DBusString client_challenge;
  DBusString correct_hash;
  DBusString tmp;
  int i, j;
  long val;
  
  retval = FALSE;                 
  
  if (!_dbus_string_find_blank (data, 0, &i))
    {
      if (send_error (auth,
                      "Server did not send context/ID/challenge properly"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_0;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&context))
    goto out_0;

  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (data, 0, i,
                              &context, 0))
    goto out_1;
  
  _dbus_string_skip_blank (data, i, &i);
  if (!_dbus_string_find_blank (data, i, &j))
    {
      if (send_error (auth,
                      "Server did not send context/ID/challenge properly"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_1;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&cookie_id_str))
    goto out_1;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (data, i, j - i,
                              &cookie_id_str, 0))
    goto out_2;  

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&server_challenge))
    goto out_2;

  i = j;
  _dbus_string_skip_blank (data, i, &i);
  j = _dbus_string_get_length (data);

  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (data, i, j - i,
                              &server_challenge, 0))
    goto out_3;

  if (!_dbus_keyring_validate_context (&context))
    {
      if (send_error (auth, "Server sent invalid cookie context"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_3;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_parse_int (&cookie_id_str, 0, &val, NULL))
    {
      if (send_error (auth, "Could not parse cookie ID as an integer"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_3;
    }

  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&server_challenge) == 0)
    {
      if (send_error (auth, "Empty server challenge string"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_3;
    }

  if (auth->keyring == NULL)
    {
      DBusError error;

      dbus_error_init (&error);
      auth->keyring = _dbus_keyring_new_homedir (NULL,
                                                 &context,
                                                 &error);

      if (auth->keyring == NULL)
        {
          if (dbus_error_has_name (&error,
                                   DBUS_ERROR_NO_MEMORY))
            {
              dbus_error_free (&error);
              goto out_3;
            }
          else
            {
              _DBUS_ASSERT_ERROR_IS_SET (&error);

              _dbus_verbose ("%s: Error loading keyring: %s\n",
                             DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), error.message);
              
              if (send_error (auth, "Could not load cookie file"))
                retval = TRUE; /* retval is only about mem */
              
              dbus_error_free (&error);
              goto out_3;
            }
        }
      else
        {
          _dbus_assert (!dbus_error_is_set (&error));
        }
    }
  
  _dbus_assert (auth->keyring != NULL);
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&tmp))
    goto out_3;
  
  if (!_dbus_generate_random_bytes (&tmp, N_CHALLENGE_BYTES))
    goto out_4;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&client_challenge))
    goto out_4;

  if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (&tmp, 0, &client_challenge, 0))
    goto out_5;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&correct_hash))
    goto out_5;
  
  if (!sha1_compute_hash (auth, val,
                          &server_challenge,
                          &client_challenge,
                          &correct_hash))
    goto out_6;

  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&correct_hash) == 0)
    {
      /* couldn't find the cookie ID or something */
      if (send_error (auth, "Don't have the requested cookie ID"))
        retval = TRUE;
      goto out_6;
    }
  
  _dbus_string_set_length (&tmp, 0);
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&client_challenge, 0, &tmp,
                          _dbus_string_get_length (&tmp)))
    goto out_6;

  if (!_dbus_string_append (&tmp, " "))
    goto out_6;

  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&correct_hash, 0, &tmp,
                          _dbus_string_get_length (&tmp)))
    goto out_6;

  if (!send_data (auth, &tmp))
    goto out_6;

  retval = TRUE;

 out_6:
  _dbus_string_zero (&correct_hash);
  _dbus_string_free (&correct_hash);
 out_5:
  _dbus_string_free (&client_challenge);
 out_4:
  _dbus_string_zero (&tmp);
  _dbus_string_free (&tmp);
 out_3:
  _dbus_string_free (&server_challenge);
 out_2:
  _dbus_string_free (&cookie_id_str);
 out_1:
  _dbus_string_free (&context);
 out_0:
  return retval;
}

static void
handle_client_shutdown_cookie_sha1_mech (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  auth->cookie_id = -1;  
  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->challenge, 0);
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_server_data_external_mech (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                  const DBusString *data)
{
  if (auth->credentials.uid == DBUS_UID_UNSET)
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: no credentials, mechanism EXTERNAL can't authenticate\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
  
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (data) > 0)
    {
      if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->identity) > 0)
        {
          /* Tried to send two auth identities, wtf */
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: client tried to send auth identity, but we already have one\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
          return send_rejected (auth);
        }
      else
        {
          /* this is our auth identity */
          if (!_dbus_string_copy (data, 0, &auth->identity, 0))
            return FALSE;
        }
    }

  /* Poke client for an auth identity, if none given */
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->identity) == 0 &&
      !auth->already_asked_for_initial_response)
    {
      if (send_data (auth, NULL))
        {
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: sending empty challenge asking client for auth identity\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
          auth->already_asked_for_initial_response = TRUE;
          return TRUE;
        }
      else
        return FALSE;
    }

  _dbus_credentials_clear (&auth->desired_identity);
  
  /* If auth->identity is still empty here, then client
   * responded with an empty string after we poked it for
   * an initial response. This means to try to auth the
   * identity provided in the credentials.
   */
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->identity) == 0)
    {
      auth->desired_identity.uid = auth->credentials.uid;
    }
  else
    {
      if (!_dbus_uid_from_string (&auth->identity,
                                  &auth->desired_identity.uid))
        {
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: could not get credentials from uid string\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
          return send_rejected (auth);
        }
    }

  if (auth->desired_identity.uid == DBUS_UID_UNSET)
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: desired user %s is no good\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                     _dbus_string_get_const_data (&auth->identity));
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
  
  if (_dbus_credentials_match (&auth->desired_identity,
                               &auth->credentials))
    {
      /* client has authenticated */      
      if (!send_ok (auth))
        return FALSE;

      _dbus_verbose ("%s: authenticated client with UID "DBUS_UID_FORMAT
                     " matching socket credentials UID "DBUS_UID_FORMAT"\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                     auth->desired_identity.uid,
                     auth->credentials.uid);

      auth->authorized_identity.pid = auth->credentials.pid;
      auth->authorized_identity.uid = auth->desired_identity.uid;
      return TRUE;
    }
  else
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: credentials uid="DBUS_UID_FORMAT
                     " gid="DBUS_GID_FORMAT
                     " do not allow uid="DBUS_UID_FORMAT
                     " gid="DBUS_GID_FORMAT"\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                     auth->credentials.uid, auth->credentials.gid,
                     auth->desired_identity.uid, auth->desired_identity.gid);
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
}

static void
handle_server_shutdown_external_mech (DBusAuth *auth)
{

}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_initial_response_external_mech (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                              DBusString       *response)
{
  /* We always append our UID as an initial response, so the server
   * doesn't have to send back an empty challenge to check whether we
   * want to specify an identity. i.e. this avoids a round trip that
   * the spec for the EXTERNAL mechanism otherwise requires.
   */
  DBusString plaintext;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&plaintext))
    return FALSE;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_append_uint (&plaintext,
                                 _dbus_getuid ()))
    goto failed;

  if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (&plaintext, 0,
                        response,
                        _dbus_string_get_length (response)))
    goto failed;

  _dbus_string_free (&plaintext);
  
  return TRUE;

 failed:
  _dbus_string_free (&plaintext);
  return FALSE;  
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_data_external_mech (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                  const DBusString *data)
{
  
  return TRUE;
}

static void
handle_client_shutdown_external_mech (DBusAuth *auth)
{

}

/* Put mechanisms here in order of preference.
 * What I eventually want to have is:
 *
 *  - a mechanism that checks UNIX domain socket credentials
 *  - a simple magic cookie mechanism like X11 or ICE
 *  - mechanisms that chain to Cyrus SASL, so we can use anything it
 *    offers such as Kerberos, X509, whatever.
 * 
 */
static const DBusAuthMechanismHandler
all_mechanisms[] = {
  { "EXTERNAL",
    handle_server_data_external_mech,
    NULL, NULL,
    handle_server_shutdown_external_mech,
    handle_client_initial_response_external_mech,
    handle_client_data_external_mech,
    NULL, NULL,
    handle_client_shutdown_external_mech },
  { "DBUS_COOKIE_SHA1",
    handle_server_data_cookie_sha1_mech,
    NULL, NULL,
    handle_server_shutdown_cookie_sha1_mech,
    handle_client_initial_response_cookie_sha1_mech,
    handle_client_data_cookie_sha1_mech,
    NULL, NULL,
    handle_client_shutdown_cookie_sha1_mech },
  { NULL, NULL }
};

static const DBusAuthMechanismHandler*
find_mech (const DBusString  *name,
           char             **allowed_mechs)
{
  int i;
  
  if (allowed_mechs != NULL &&
      !_dbus_string_array_contains ((const char**) allowed_mechs,
                                    _dbus_string_get_const_data (name)))
    return NULL;
  
  i = 0;
  while (all_mechanisms[i].mechanism != NULL)
    {      
      if (_dbus_string_equal_c_str (name,
                                    all_mechanisms[i].mechanism))

        return &all_mechanisms[i];
      
      ++i;
    }
  
  return NULL;
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_auth (DBusAuth *auth, const DBusAuthMechanismHandler *mech)
{
  DBusString auth_command;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&auth_command))
    return FALSE;
      
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth_command,
                            "AUTH "))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
      return FALSE;
    }  
  
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth_command,
                            mech->mechanism))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
      return FALSE;
    }

  if (mech->client_initial_response_func != NULL)
    {
      if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth_command, " "))
        {
          _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
          return FALSE;
        }
      
      if (!(* mech->client_initial_response_func) (auth, &auth_command))
        {
          _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
          return FALSE;
        }
    }
  
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth_command,
                            "\r\n"))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
      return FALSE;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&auth_command, 0,
                          &auth->outgoing,
                          _dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing)))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
      return FALSE;
    }

  _dbus_string_free (&auth_command);
  shutdown_mech (auth);
  auth->mech = mech;      
  goto_state (auth, &client_state_waiting_for_data);

  return TRUE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_data (DBusAuth *auth, DBusString *data)
{
  int old_len;

  if (data == NULL || _dbus_string_get_length (data) == 0)
    return _dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "DATA\r\n");
  else
    {
      old_len = _dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing);
      if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "DATA "))
        goto out;

      if (!_dbus_string_hex_encode (data, 0, &auth->outgoing,
                                    _dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing)))
        goto out;

      if (!_dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "\r\n"))
        goto out;

      return TRUE;

    out:
      _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->outgoing, old_len);

      return FALSE;
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_rejected (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  DBusString command;
  DBusAuthServer *server_auth;
  int i;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&command))
    return FALSE;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&command,
                            "REJECTED"))
    goto nomem;

  i = 0;
  while (all_mechanisms[i].mechanism != NULL)
    {
      if (!_dbus_string_append (&command,
                                " "))
        goto nomem;

      if (!_dbus_string_append (&command,
                                all_mechanisms[i].mechanism))
        goto nomem;
      
      ++i;
    }
  
  if (!_dbus_string_append (&command, "\r\n"))
    goto nomem;

  if (!_dbus_string_copy (&command, 0, &auth->outgoing,
                          _dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing)))
    goto nomem;

  shutdown_mech (auth);
  
  _dbus_assert (DBUS_AUTH_IS_SERVER (auth));
  server_auth = DBUS_AUTH_SERVER (auth);
  server_auth->failures += 1;

  if (server_auth->failures >= server_auth->max_failures)
    goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
  else
    goto_state (auth, &server_state_waiting_for_auth);

  _dbus_string_free (&command);
  
  return TRUE;

 nomem:
  _dbus_string_free (&command);
  return FALSE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_error (DBusAuth *auth, const char *message)
{
  return _dbus_string_append_printf (&auth->outgoing,
                                     "ERROR \"%s\"\r\n", message);
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_ok (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (_dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "OK\r\n"))
    {
      goto_state (auth, &server_state_waiting_for_begin);
      return TRUE;
    }
  else
    return FALSE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_begin (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (_dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "BEGIN\r\n"))
    {
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_authenticated);
      return TRUE;
    }
  else
    return FALSE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
send_cancel (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (_dbus_string_append (&auth->outgoing, "CANCEL\r\n"))
    {
      goto_state (auth, &client_state_waiting_for_reject);
      return TRUE;
    }
  else
    return FALSE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
process_data (DBusAuth             *auth,
             const DBusString     *args,
             DBusAuthDataFunction  data_func)
{
  int end;
  DBusString decoded;

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&decoded))
    return FALSE;

  if (!_dbus_string_hex_decode (args, 0, &end, &decoded, 0))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&decoded);
      return FALSE;
    }

  if (_dbus_string_get_length (args) != end)
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&decoded);
      if (!send_error (auth, "Invalid hex encoding"))
        return FALSE;

      return TRUE;
    }

#ifdef DBUS_ENABLE_VERBOSE_MODE
  if (_dbus_string_validate_ascii (&decoded, 0,
                                   _dbus_string_get_length (&decoded)))
    _dbus_verbose ("%s: data: '%s'\n",
                   DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                   _dbus_string_get_const_data (&decoded));
#endif
      
  if (!(* data_func) (auth, &decoded))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&decoded);
      return FALSE;
    }

  _dbus_string_free (&decoded);
  return TRUE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_auth (DBusAuth *auth, const DBusString *args)
{
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (args) == 0)
    {
      /* No args to the auth, send mechanisms */
      if (!send_rejected (auth))
        return FALSE;

      return TRUE;
    }
  else
    {
      int i;
      DBusString mech;
      DBusString hex_response;
      
      _dbus_string_find_blank (args, 0, &i);

      if (!_dbus_string_init (&mech))
        return FALSE;

      if (!_dbus_string_init (&hex_response))
        {
          _dbus_string_free (&mech);
          return FALSE;
        }
      
      if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (args, 0, i, &mech, 0))
        goto failed;

      _dbus_string_skip_blank (args, i, &i);
      if (!_dbus_string_copy (args, i, &hex_response, 0))
        goto failed;
     
      auth->mech = find_mech (&mech, auth->allowed_mechs);
      if (auth->mech != NULL)
        {
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: Trying mechanism %s\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                         auth->mech->mechanism);
          
          if (!process_data (auth, &hex_response,
                             auth->mech->server_data_func))
            goto failed;
        }
      else
        {
          /* Unsupported mechanism */
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: Unsupported mechanism %s\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                         _dbus_string_get_const_data (&mech));
          
          if (!send_rejected (auth))
            goto failed;
        }

      _dbus_string_free (&mech);      
      _dbus_string_free (&hex_response);

      return TRUE;
      
    failed:
      auth->mech = NULL;
      _dbus_string_free (&mech);
      _dbus_string_free (&hex_response);
      return FALSE;
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
01478 handle_server_state_waiting_for_auth  (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                       DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                       const DBusString *args)
{
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
      return handle_auth (auth, args);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
      return send_error (auth, "Not currently in an auth conversation");

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
      return TRUE;

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
      return send_rejected (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      return send_error (auth, "Unknown command");
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_server_state_waiting_for_data  (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                       DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                       const DBusString *args)
{
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
      return send_error (auth, "Sent AUTH while another AUTH in progress");

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
      return send_rejected (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
      return process_data (auth, args, auth->mech->server_data_func);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
      return TRUE;

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      return send_error (auth, "Unknown command");
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_server_state_waiting_for_begin (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                       DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                       const DBusString *args)
{
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
      return send_error (auth, "Sent AUTH while expecting BEGIN");

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
      return send_error (auth, "Sent DATA while expecting BEGIN");

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_authenticated);
      return TRUE;

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      return send_error (auth, "Unknown command");

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
      return send_rejected (auth);
    }
}

/* return FALSE if no memory, TRUE if all OK */
static dbus_bool_t
get_word (const DBusString *str,
          int              *start,
          DBusString       *word)
{
  int i;

  _dbus_string_skip_blank (str, *start, start);
  _dbus_string_find_blank (str, *start, &i);
  
  if (i > *start)
    {
      if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (str, *start, i - *start, word, 0))
        return FALSE;
      
      *start = i;
    }

  return TRUE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
record_mechanisms (DBusAuth         *auth,
                   const DBusString *args)
{
  int next;
  int len;

  if (auth->already_got_mechanisms)
    return TRUE;
  
  len = _dbus_string_get_length (args);
  
  next = 0;
  while (next < len)
    {
      DBusString m;
      const DBusAuthMechanismHandler *mech;
      
      if (!_dbus_string_init (&m))
        goto nomem;
      
      if (!get_word (args, &next, &m))
        {
          _dbus_string_free (&m);
          goto nomem;
        }

      mech = find_mech (&m, auth->allowed_mechs);

      if (mech != NULL)
        {
          /* FIXME right now we try mechanisms in the order
           * the server lists them; should we do them in
           * some more deterministic order?
           *
           * Probably in all_mechanisms order, our order of
           * preference. Of course when the server is us,
           * it lists things in that order anyhow.
           */

          _dbus_verbose ("%s: Adding mechanism %s to list we will try\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth), mech->mechanism);
          
          if (!_dbus_list_append (& DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT (auth)->mechs_to_try,
                                  (void*) mech))
            {
              _dbus_string_free (&m);
              goto nomem;
            }
        }
      else
        {
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: Server offered mechanism \"%s\" that we don't know how to use\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                         _dbus_string_get_const_data (&m));
        }

      _dbus_string_free (&m);
    }
  
  auth->already_got_mechanisms = TRUE;
  
  return TRUE;

 nomem:
  _dbus_list_clear (& DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT (auth)->mechs_to_try);
  
  return FALSE;
}

static dbus_bool_t
process_rejected (DBusAuth *auth, const DBusString *args)
{
  const DBusAuthMechanismHandler *mech;
  DBusAuthClient *client;

  client = DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT (auth);

  if (!auth->already_got_mechanisms)
    {
      if (!record_mechanisms (auth, args))
        return FALSE;
    }
  
  if (DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT (auth)->mechs_to_try != NULL)
    {
      mech = client->mechs_to_try->data;

      if (!send_auth (auth, mech))
        return FALSE;

      _dbus_list_pop_first (&client->mechs_to_try);

      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Trying mechanism %s\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                     mech->mechanism);
    }
  else
    {
      /* Give up */
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Disconnecting because we are out of mechanisms to try using\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
    }
  
  return TRUE;
}


static dbus_bool_t
01696 handle_client_state_waiting_for_data (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                      DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                      const DBusString *args)
{
  _dbus_assert (auth->mech != NULL);
 
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
      return process_data (auth, args, auth->mech->client_data_func);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
      return process_rejected (auth, args);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
      return send_begin (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
      return send_cancel (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      return send_error (auth, "Unknown command");
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_state_waiting_for_ok (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                    DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                    const DBusString *args)
{
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
      return process_rejected (auth, args);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
      return send_begin (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
      return send_cancel (auth);

    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      return send_error (auth, "Unknown command");
    }
}

static dbus_bool_t
handle_client_state_waiting_for_reject (DBusAuth         *auth,
                                        DBusAuthCommand   command,
                                        const DBusString *args)
{
  switch (command)
    {
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED:
      return process_rejected (auth, args);
      
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR:
    case DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN:
    default:
      goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
      return TRUE;
    }
}

/**
 * Mapping from command name to enum
 */
01777 typedef struct {
01778   const char *name;        /**< Name of the command */
01779   DBusAuthCommand command; /**< Corresponding enum */
} DBusAuthCommandName;

static DBusAuthCommandName auth_command_names[] = {
  { "AUTH",     DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_AUTH },
  { "CANCEL",   DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_CANCEL },
  { "DATA",     DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_DATA },
  { "BEGIN",    DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_BEGIN },
  { "REJECTED", DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_REJECTED },
  { "OK",       DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_OK },
  { "ERROR",    DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_ERROR }
};

static DBusAuthCommand
lookup_command_from_name (DBusString *command)
{
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < _DBUS_N_ELEMENTS (auth_command_names); i++)
    {
      if (_dbus_string_equal_c_str (command,
                                    auth_command_names[i].name))
        return auth_command_names[i].command;
    }

  return DBUS_AUTH_COMMAND_UNKNOWN;
}

static void
goto_state (DBusAuth *auth, const DBusAuthStateData *state)
{
  _dbus_verbose ("%s: going from state %s to state %s\n",
                 DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                 auth->state->name,
                 state->name);

  auth->state = state;
}

/* returns whether to call it again right away */
static dbus_bool_t
process_command (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  DBusAuthCommand command;
  DBusString line;
  DBusString args;
  int eol;
  int i, j;
  dbus_bool_t retval;

  /* _dbus_verbose ("%s:   trying process_command()\n"); */
  
  retval = FALSE;
  
  eol = 0;
  if (!_dbus_string_find (&auth->incoming, 0, "\r\n", &eol))
    return FALSE;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&line))
    {
      auth->needed_memory = TRUE;
      return FALSE;
    }

  if (!_dbus_string_init (&args))
    {
      _dbus_string_free (&line);
      auth->needed_memory = TRUE;
      return FALSE;
    }
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy_len (&auth->incoming, 0, eol, &line, 0))
    goto out;

  if (!_dbus_string_validate_ascii (&line, 0,
                                    _dbus_string_get_length (&line)))
    {
      _dbus_verbose ("%s: Command contained non-ASCII chars or embedded nul\n",
                     DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
      if (!send_error (auth, "Command contained non-ASCII"))
        goto out;
      else
        goto next_command;
    }
  
  _dbus_verbose ("%s: got command \"%s\"\n",
                 DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                 _dbus_string_get_const_data (&line));
  
  _dbus_string_find_blank (&line, 0, &i);
  _dbus_string_skip_blank (&line, i, &j);

  if (j > i)
    _dbus_string_delete (&line, i, j - i);
  
  if (!_dbus_string_move (&line, i, &args, 0))
    goto out;
  
  command = lookup_command_from_name (&line);
  if (!(* auth->state->handler) (auth, command, &args))
    goto out;

 next_command:
  
  /* We've succeeded in processing the whole command so drop it out
   * of the incoming buffer and return TRUE to try another command.
   */

  _dbus_string_delete (&auth->incoming, 0, eol);
  
  /* kill the \r\n */
  _dbus_string_delete (&auth->incoming, 0, 2);

  retval = TRUE;
  
 out:
  _dbus_string_free (&args);
  _dbus_string_free (&line);

  if (!retval)
    auth->needed_memory = TRUE;
  else
    auth->needed_memory = FALSE;
  
  return retval;
}


/** @} */

/**
 * @addtogroup DBusAuth
 * @{
 */

/**
 * Creates a new auth conversation object for the server side.
 * See doc/dbus-sasl-profile.txt for full details on what
 * this object does.
 *
 * @returns the new object or #NULL if no memory
 */
DBusAuth*
01922 _dbus_auth_server_new (void)
{
  DBusAuth *auth;
  DBusAuthServer *server_auth;

  auth = _dbus_auth_new (sizeof (DBusAuthServer));
  if (auth == NULL)
    return NULL;

  auth->side = auth_side_server;
  auth->state = &server_state_waiting_for_auth;

  server_auth = DBUS_AUTH_SERVER (auth);

  /* perhaps this should be per-mechanism with a lower
   * max
   */
  server_auth->failures = 0;
  server_auth->max_failures = 6;
  
  return auth;
}

/**
 * Creates a new auth conversation object for the client side.
 * See doc/dbus-sasl-profile.txt for full details on what
 * this object does.
 *
 * @returns the new object or #NULL if no memory
 */
DBusAuth*
01953 _dbus_auth_client_new (void)
{
  DBusAuth *auth;

  auth = _dbus_auth_new (sizeof (DBusAuthClient));
  if (auth == NULL)
    return NULL;

  auth->side = auth_side_client;
  auth->state = &client_state_need_send_auth;

  /* Start the auth conversation by sending AUTH for our default
   * mechanism */
  if (!send_auth (auth, &all_mechanisms[0]))
    {
      _dbus_auth_unref (auth);
      return NULL;
    }
  
  return auth;
}

/**
 * Increments the refcount of an auth object.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns the auth conversation
 */
DBusAuth *
01982 _dbus_auth_ref (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  _dbus_assert (auth != NULL);
  
  auth->refcount += 1;
  
  return auth;
}

/**
 * Decrements the refcount of an auth object.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 */
void
01997 _dbus_auth_unref (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  _dbus_assert (auth != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (auth->refcount > 0);

  auth->refcount -= 1;
  if (auth->refcount == 0)
    {
      shutdown_mech (auth);

      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        {
          _dbus_list_clear (& DBUS_AUTH_CLIENT (auth)->mechs_to_try);
        }

      if (auth->keyring)
        _dbus_keyring_unref (auth->keyring);

      _dbus_string_free (&auth->context);
      _dbus_string_free (&auth->challenge);
      _dbus_string_free (&auth->identity);
      _dbus_string_free (&auth->incoming);
      _dbus_string_free (&auth->outgoing);

      dbus_free_string_array (auth->allowed_mechs);
      
      dbus_free (auth);
    }
}

/**
 * Sets an array of authentication mechanism names
 * that we are willing to use.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param mechanisms #NULL-terminated array of mechanism names
 * @returns #FALSE if no memory
 */
dbus_bool_t
02036 _dbus_auth_set_mechanisms (DBusAuth    *auth,
                           const char **mechanisms)
{
  char **copy;

  if (mechanisms != NULL)
    {
      copy = _dbus_dup_string_array (mechanisms);
      if (copy == NULL)
        return FALSE;
    }
  else
    copy = NULL;
  
  dbus_free_string_array (auth->allowed_mechs);

  auth->allowed_mechs = copy;

  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * @param auth the auth conversation object
 * @returns #TRUE if we're in a final state
 */
02061 #define DBUS_AUTH_IN_END_STATE(auth) ((auth)->state->handler == NULL)

/**
 * Analyzes buffered input and moves the auth conversation forward,
 * returning the new state of the auth conversation.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns the new state
 */
DBusAuthState
02071 _dbus_auth_do_work (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  auth->needed_memory = FALSE;

  /* Max amount we'll buffer up before deciding someone's on crack */
#define MAX_BUFFER (16 * _DBUS_ONE_KILOBYTE)

  do
    {
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IN_END_STATE (auth))
        break;
      
      if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->incoming) > MAX_BUFFER ||
          _dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing) > MAX_BUFFER)
        {
          goto_state (auth, &common_state_need_disconnect);
          _dbus_verbose ("%s: Disconnecting due to excessive data buffered in auth phase\n",
                         DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth));
          break;
        }
    }
  while (process_command (auth));

  if (auth->needed_memory)
    return DBUS_AUTH_STATE_WAITING_FOR_MEMORY;
  else if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing) > 0)
    return DBUS_AUTH_STATE_HAVE_BYTES_TO_SEND;
  else if (auth->state == &common_state_need_disconnect)
    return DBUS_AUTH_STATE_NEED_DISCONNECT;
  else if (auth->state == &common_state_authenticated)
    return DBUS_AUTH_STATE_AUTHENTICATED;
  else return DBUS_AUTH_STATE_WAITING_FOR_INPUT;
}

/**
 * Gets bytes that need to be sent to the peer we're conversing with.
 * After writing some bytes, _dbus_auth_bytes_sent() must be called
 * to notify the auth object that they were written.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param str return location for a ref to the buffer to send
 * @returns #FALSE if nothing to send
 */
dbus_bool_t
02115 _dbus_auth_get_bytes_to_send (DBusAuth          *auth,
                              const DBusString **str)
{
  _dbus_assert (auth != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (str != NULL);

  *str = NULL;
  
  if (_dbus_string_get_length (&auth->outgoing) == 0)
    return FALSE;

  *str = &auth->outgoing;

  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * Notifies the auth conversation object that
 * the given number of bytes of the outgoing buffer
 * have been written out.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param bytes_sent number of bytes written out
 */
void
02140 _dbus_auth_bytes_sent (DBusAuth *auth,
                       int       bytes_sent)
{
  _dbus_verbose ("%s: Sent %d bytes of: %s\n",
                 DBUS_AUTH_NAME (auth),
                 bytes_sent,
                 _dbus_string_get_const_data (&auth->outgoing));
  
  _dbus_string_delete (&auth->outgoing,
                       0, bytes_sent);
}

/**
 * Get a buffer to be used for reading bytes from the peer we're conversing
 * with. Bytes should be appended to this buffer.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param buffer return location for buffer to append bytes to
 */
void
02160 _dbus_auth_get_buffer (DBusAuth     *auth,
                       DBusString **buffer)
{
  _dbus_assert (auth != NULL);
  _dbus_assert (!auth->buffer_outstanding);
  
  *buffer = &auth->incoming;

  auth->buffer_outstanding = TRUE;
}

/**
 * Returns a buffer with new data read into it.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param buffer the buffer being returned
 * @param bytes_read number of new bytes added
 */
void
02179 _dbus_auth_return_buffer (DBusAuth               *auth,
                          DBusString             *buffer,
                          int                     bytes_read)
{
  _dbus_assert (buffer == &auth->incoming);
  _dbus_assert (auth->buffer_outstanding);

  auth->buffer_outstanding = FALSE;
}

/**
 * Returns leftover bytes that were not used as part of the auth
 * conversation.  These bytes will be part of the message stream
 * instead. This function may not be called until authentication has
 * succeeded.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param str return location for pointer to string of unused bytes
 */
void
02199 _dbus_auth_get_unused_bytes (DBusAuth           *auth,
                             const DBusString **str)
{
  if (!DBUS_AUTH_IN_END_STATE (auth))
    return;

  *str = &auth->incoming;
}


/**
 * Gets rid of unused bytes returned by _dbus_auth_get_unused_bytes()
 * after we've gotten them and successfully moved them elsewhere.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 */
void
02216 _dbus_auth_delete_unused_bytes (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (!DBUS_AUTH_IN_END_STATE (auth))
    return;

  _dbus_string_set_length (&auth->incoming, 0);
}

/**
 * Called post-authentication, indicates whether we need to encode
 * the message stream with _dbus_auth_encode_data() prior to
 * sending it to the peer.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns #TRUE if we need to encode the stream
 */
dbus_bool_t
02233 _dbus_auth_needs_encoding (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (auth->state != &common_state_authenticated)
    return FALSE;
  
  if (auth->mech != NULL)
    {
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        return auth->mech->client_encode_func != NULL;
      else
        return auth->mech->server_encode_func != NULL;
    }
  else
    return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Called post-authentication, encodes a block of bytes for sending to
 * the peer. If no encoding was negotiated, just copies the bytes
 * (you can avoid this by checking _dbus_auth_needs_encoding()).
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param plaintext the plain text data
 * @param encoded initialized string to where encoded data is appended
 * @returns #TRUE if we had enough memory and successfully encoded
 */
dbus_bool_t
02260 _dbus_auth_encode_data (DBusAuth         *auth,
                        const DBusString *plaintext,
                        DBusString       *encoded)
{
  _dbus_assert (plaintext != encoded);
  
  if (auth->state != &common_state_authenticated)
    return FALSE;
  
  if (_dbus_auth_needs_encoding (auth))
    {
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        return (* auth->mech->client_encode_func) (auth, plaintext, encoded);
      else
        return (* auth->mech->server_encode_func) (auth, plaintext, encoded);
    }
  else
    {
      return _dbus_string_copy (plaintext, 0, encoded,
                                _dbus_string_get_length (encoded));
    }
}

/**
 * Called post-authentication, indicates whether we need to decode
 * the message stream with _dbus_auth_decode_data() after
 * receiving it from the peer.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @returns #TRUE if we need to encode the stream
 */
dbus_bool_t
02292 _dbus_auth_needs_decoding (DBusAuth *auth)
{
  if (auth->state != &common_state_authenticated)
    return FALSE;
    
  if (auth->mech != NULL)
    {
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        return auth->mech->client_decode_func != NULL;
      else
        return auth->mech->server_decode_func != NULL;
    }
  else
    return FALSE;
}


/**
 * Called post-authentication, decodes a block of bytes received from
 * the peer. If no encoding was negotiated, just copies the bytes (you
 * can avoid this by checking _dbus_auth_needs_decoding()).
 *
 * @todo We need to be able to distinguish "out of memory" error
 * from "the data is hosed" error.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param encoded the encoded data
 * @param plaintext initialized string where decoded data is appended
 * @returns #TRUE if we had enough memory and successfully decoded
 */
dbus_bool_t
02323 _dbus_auth_decode_data (DBusAuth         *auth,
                        const DBusString *encoded,
                        DBusString       *plaintext)
{
  _dbus_assert (plaintext != encoded);
  
  if (auth->state != &common_state_authenticated)
    return FALSE;
  
  if (_dbus_auth_needs_decoding (auth))
    {
      if (DBUS_AUTH_IS_CLIENT (auth))
        return (* auth->mech->client_decode_func) (auth, encoded, plaintext);
      else
        return (* auth->mech->server_decode_func) (auth, encoded, plaintext);
    }
  else
    {
      return _dbus_string_copy (encoded, 0, plaintext,
                                _dbus_string_get_length (plaintext));
    }
}

/**
 * Sets credentials received via reliable means from the operating
 * system.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param credentials the credentials received
 */
void
02354 _dbus_auth_set_credentials (DBusAuth               *auth,
                            const DBusCredentials  *credentials)
{
  auth->credentials = *credentials;
}

/**
 * Gets the identity we authorized the client as.  Apps may have
 * different policies as to what identities they allow.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param credentials the credentials we've authorized
 */
void
02368 _dbus_auth_get_identity (DBusAuth               *auth,
                         DBusCredentials        *credentials)
{
  if (auth->state == &common_state_authenticated)
    *credentials = auth->authorized_identity;
  else
    _dbus_credentials_clear (credentials);
}

/**
 * Sets the "authentication context" which scopes cookies
 * with the DBUS_COOKIE_SHA1 auth mechanism for example.
 *
 * @param auth the auth conversation
 * @param context the context
 * @returns #FALSE if no memory
 */
dbus_bool_t
02386 _dbus_auth_set_context (DBusAuth               *auth,
                        const DBusString       *context)
{
  return _dbus_string_replace_len (context, 0, _dbus_string_get_length (context),
                                   &auth->context, 0, _dbus_string_get_length (context));
}

/** @} */

#ifdef DBUS_BUILD_TESTS
#include "dbus-test.h"
#include "dbus-auth-script.h"
#include <stdio.h>

static dbus_bool_t
process_test_subdir (const DBusString          *test_base_dir,
                     const char                *subdir)
{
  DBusString test_directory;
  DBusString filename;
  DBusDirIter *dir;
  dbus_bool_t retval;
  DBusError error;

  retval = FALSE;
  dir = NULL;
  
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&test_directory))
    _dbus_assert_not_reached ("didn't allocate test_directory\n");

  _dbus_string_init_const (&filename, subdir);
  
  if (!_dbus_string_copy (test_base_dir, 0,
                          &test_directory, 0))
    _dbus_assert_not_reached ("couldn't copy test_base_dir to test_directory");
  
  if (!_dbus_concat_dir_and_file (&test_directory, &filename))    
    _dbus_assert_not_reached ("couldn't allocate full path");

  _dbus_string_free (&filename);
  if (!_dbus_string_init (&filename))
    _dbus_assert_not_reached ("didn't allocate filename string\n");

  dbus_error_init (&error);
  dir = _dbus_directory_open (&test_directory, &error);
  if (dir == NULL)
    {
      _dbus_warn ("Could not open %s: %s\n",
                  _dbus_string_get_const_data (&test_directory),
                  error.message);
      dbus_error_free (&error);
      goto failed;
    }

  printf ("Testing %s:\n", subdir);
  
 next:
  while (_dbus_directory_get_next_file (dir, &filename, &error))
    {
      DBusString full_path;
      
      if (!_dbus_string_init (&full_path))
        _dbus_assert_not_reached ("couldn't init string");

      if (!_dbus_string_copy (&test_directory, 0, &full_path, 0))
        _dbus_assert_not_reached ("couldn't copy dir to full_path");

      if (!_dbus_concat_dir_and_file (&full_path, &filename))
        _dbus_assert_not_reached ("couldn't concat file to dir");

      if (!_dbus_string_ends_with_c_str (&filename, ".auth-script"))
        {
          _dbus_verbose ("Skipping non-.auth-script file %s\n",
                         _dbus_string_get_const_data (&filename));
        _dbus_string_free (&full_path);
          goto next;
        }

      printf ("    %s\n", _dbus_string_get_const_data (&filename));
      
      if (!_dbus_auth_script_run (&full_path))
        {
          _dbus_string_free (&full_path);
          goto failed;
        }
      else
        _dbus_string_free (&full_path);
    }

  if (dbus_error_is_set (&error))
    {
      _dbus_warn ("Could not get next file in %s: %s\n",
                  _dbus_string_get_const_data (&test_directory), error.message);
      dbus_error_free (&error);
      goto failed;
    }
    
  retval = TRUE;
  
 failed:

  if (dir)
    _dbus_directory_close (dir);
  _dbus_string_free (&test_directory);
  _dbus_string_free (&filename);

  return retval;
}

static dbus_bool_t
process_test_dirs (const char *test_data_dir)
{
  DBusString test_directory;
  dbus_bool_t retval;

  retval = FALSE;
  
  _dbus_string_init_const (&test_directory, test_data_dir);

  if (!process_test_subdir (&test_directory, "auth"))
    goto failed;

  retval = TRUE;
  
 failed:

  _dbus_string_free (&test_directory);
  
  return retval;
}

dbus_bool_t
_dbus_auth_test (const char *test_data_dir)
{
  
  if (test_data_dir == NULL)
    return TRUE;
  
  if (!process_test_dirs (test_data_dir))
    return FALSE;

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /* DBUS_BUILD_TESTS */

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